Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on 25th December 1876 in Poonjha Jinnah house. Nobody knew this child would make history in the subcontinent by making Pakistan. He was the eldest of his parents’ seven children.
At the age of 6, Jinnah was sent to a Madrasa, later studied at Gokal Das Tej Primary school. At the age of 15 was sent to the Sindh Madressatul Islam where he passed his exam with flying colors.
In 1892, Jinnah went to London after acquiring his degree in Law and moved back to Karachi in 1896 after becoming the Barrister. He was one of the most expensive lawyers of his time, earning around Rs1,500 per case.
However, he fixed his salary at Rs1 per month after the partition as the Governor-General of Pakistan. He did not want to indebt the newly formed state with a financial burden.
In 1906, Jinnah joined the Indian National Congress but due to conflicts later in 1913, he joined the India Muslim League. Later he became the president of the Muslim League in 1934.
Jinnah advocated Hindu–Muslim unity in the early years of his political career. But later, thinking of a separate state for Muslims, he continued to work for them.
In 1923, Jinnah proposed the 14 points for safeguarding the rights and interests of the Muslims in any future constitution of the country but Congress rejected his proposed report.
After this move, Jinnah and sir Allama Iqbal made a plan in 1940 which is called the Pakistan Resolution which later became the resolution for Pakistan.
On 23rd March 1940, Jinnah proposed Syed Ahmad Khan’s two-nation theory in which he stated that Muslims and non-Muslims should be two separate nations.
The time period from the approval of Lahore Resolution in March 1940 to June 1947, is considered the most violent period in the history of India. The demand of the Muslim League for a separate state became the voice of 10 million Muslims in the subcontinent.
Quaid-e-Azam addressed while addressing the Indian Muslims and told them that the election was for a separate state were not general elections but a matter of the life and survival of Muslims in India.
This legislative declaration of Quaid-e-Azam triggered a wave of excitement among the Muslims of the subcontinent. And when the result was announced, the Muslim League won more than 90 percent of seats.
The British government at that time was determined that Pakisatn was inevitable and could not avoid further, the Muslims would acquire a separate one day and on 14th August 1947, the government formally declared partition of India.
Jinnah had been suffering from tuberculosis since the early 1940s. Only his sister, Fatima Jinnah and very few other persons close to the family knew this. After the partition of India and creation of Pakistan, he had become the governor-general of Pakistan.
His work was increased, but his health was deteriorating. He spent many months at his official rest house. The rest house was located at a place named in Ziarat. Jinnah could not regain his health. He died on 11 September 1948 from tuberculosis and lung cancer.
Quaid-e-Azam gave us an Islamic democratic and independent state. Today Bharatiya Janata Party’s current actions are proving the two-nation theory was the best.
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