Follow Us on Google News
The economic situation of the country has entered a very critical period and the government needs to take emergency measures and seriously focus on reforms. In fact, the country’s economy is facing many serious challenges in recent times. If the GDP is reviewed, Pakistan’s GDP by fiscal year 2022 was $376 billion, which makes it the 23rd largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power.
Economists have predicted that Pakistan’s GDP is likely to be 0.6% in 2023 and 2% in 2024. In July-March, exports and remittances have decreased by 10% year-on-year. In fact, Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves currently stand at $4.4 billion while all the above figures are cause for concern, especially the $7 billion loan from the IMF that has been suspended for the past several months.
The suspension of the IMF program has put significant pressure on Pakistan’s financial resources, further exacerbating the economic crisis in the country. Former Finance Minister Muftah Ismail, highlighting future debt repayments, revealed that the country faces $3.07 billion in debt repayments, plus an additional $400 million in interest, which must be paid within the next two months. All these facts are a major obstacle for economic stability.
Declining foreign exchange reserves, suspension of the IMF loan program, and impending debt repayments will have far-reaching effects on Pakistan’s economy. The dwindling volume of foreign reserves has become a major bottleneck for the country’s essential imports like energy resources and machinery, resulting in supply chain disruptions and inflation making people’s lives miserable.
Given the gravity of the situation, it is imperative for the Pakistani government to take decisive action to address the economic challenges. This may include implementing structural reforms to increase revenue generation, improve tax collection mechanisms, promote exports, attract foreign direct investment and reduce fiscal deficit.
Additionally, the government may explore alternative financing options, can engage in diplomatic efforts to secure aid and investment, and pursue policies to promote economic growth and stability. Due to such measures, an improvement in the country’s economic situation can be expected to reduce the risk of default.