fbpx mmnews

Chinese President vows ‘peaceful reunification’ with Taiwan

Chinese President Xi Jinping was speaking at Beijing's Great Hall of the People. Source: Reuters.

BEIJING: Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed on Saturday to achieve “peaceful reunification” with Taiwan, but did not directly mention the use of force after a week of tensions with the island.

Taiwan responded to President Xi by calling on Beijing to abandon its coercion, reiterating that only Taiwan’s people could decide their future. Taiwan has come under increased military and political pressure from Beijing to accept its sovereignty, but Taipei has pledged to defend its freedom.

Speaking at Beijing’s Great Hall of the People, Xi said the Chinese people have a “glorious tradition” of opposing separatism. “Taiwan independence separatism is the biggest obstacle to achieving the reunification of the motherland, and the most serious hidden danger to national rejuvenation,” he said on the anniversary of the revolution that overthrew the last imperial dynasty in 1911.

He added that peaceful “reunification” meets the overall interests of the Taiwanese people, but China will protect its sovereignty and unity. “No one should underestimate the Chinese people’s staunch determination, firm will, and strong ability to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity,” Xi said. “The historical task of the complete reunification of the motherland must be fulfilled, and will definitely be fulfilled.”

He struck a slightly softer tone than in July, his last major speech mentioning Taiwan, in which he vowed to “smash” any attempts at formal independence. In 2019, he directly threatened to use force to bring the island under Beijing’s control.

Taiwan’s presidential office said they were a sovereign independent country, not part of the People’s Republic of China, and had clearly rejected China’s offer of “one country, two systems” to rule the island.

“The nation’s future rests in the hands of Taiwan’s people,” the office said. In a separate statement, Taiwan’s China-policy making Mainland Affairs Council called on Beijing to “abandon its provocative steps of intrusion, harassment and destruction” and return to talks.

A US State Department spokesperson reiterated Washington’s “rock-solid” commitment to Taiwan and said the United States will “continue to support a peaceful resolution of cross-Strait issues, consistent with the wishes and best interests of the people on Taiwan.”

“We urge Beijing to cease its military, diplomatic, and economic pressure against Taiwan and instead engage in meaningful dialogue with Taiwan,” the spokesperson said.

China’s air force mounted four straight days of incursions into Taiwan’s air defence identification zone from Oct. 1, involving close to 150 aircraft, though those missions have since ended. Xi made no mention of those flights.

Taiwan officially calls itself the Republic of China, the name of the country established in 1912 after the fall of the Qing dynasty. That government fled to Taiwan in 1949 after losing a civil war with the Communists, who set up today’s People’s Republic.

Taiwan marks October 10, the date when the anti-imperial revolution began in China, as its national day, and President Tsai Ing-wen will give a keynote address in Taipei.

Tsai, speaking at a pre-national day reception at an airbase in northern Taiwan’s Hsinchu on Saturday night, thanked the armed forces for protecting Taiwan, though did not mention the tensions with China. “We will continue to work hard to hold fast the front lines of democracy and freedom,” she said.

China commemorates the revolution by harking back to republican leader Sun Yat-sen’s calls for patriotism, national rejuvenation, and good governance. Xi has tightened party control in all aspects of life and is almost certain to stay on as Communist Party boss for a third term late next year when a congress will elect new leadership for the following five years.

Do you want to read authentic news from Pakistan & across the world? So download MM News App Now !